About Canning

The Gateway of Sunderbans, Canning city is the subdivision of South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal state of India. It is the headquarters of two Community Development (C.D.) Blocks - Canning I and Canning II. The historical city has acquired recognition of being an important hub for the supply of fish to the state capital - Kolkata. Canning is located in the vicinity of Matla River and placed in the active deltaic region of the River Ganges. It shares its borders with Baruipur subdivision to the north, Namkhana subdivision to the west, neighbouring country Bangladesh to the east and Bay of Bengal to the south. The city has good connectivity with Kolkata through the means of trains and roadways. At here, you will become familiar with the basic aspects of Canning city, West Bengal.

Canning Railway Station
Canning Railway Station

Historical Background of Canning

The city of Canning is named after Lord Canning who was the Governor General of India from 1856 to 1858 and Governor General & Viceroy from 1858 to 1862. Lord Canning wanted to establish a port in this place as an alternative to Kolkata and as a rival to Singapore. With a shipping inspector Henry Piddington, he went on to locate a grand Canning with a strand, homes and hotels. However, the new port town just reduced to a "bleached skeleton" in the year 1867. The place of Canning is also historically known when in 1962 a southward line was opened from Beliaghata station to Port Canning under the Calcutta and South-Eastern Railway.

Geography of Canning

Canning city of West Bengal is situated at 22.32° North latitude and 88.67° East longitude with an average elevation of 4 meters or 13 feet above the sea level. The city remains hot in summer season when the highest day temperature reaches more than 40° C. However, the average summer temperature here is between 30°C to 40°C. The inhabitants of this region get relief from hot summer through monsoon season which is largely determined by the nearby presence of Matla River. This season remains mainly from July to September. Further, the winter season arrives at Canning with the start of December month and it lasts up to end of January. So, Canning provides the best time to visit at its region in the months of October and November or February and March.

Demography of Canning

At the entire region of Canning city in South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, there are 1,13,752 households located in this region in which total number of 557,247 people are residing. These data are based on the Indian Census of 2011. The population of the city is categorized as per its blocks in which the population of Canning I Block is 304,724 while Canning II Block has total number of 252,523 population, out of the aforementioned total estimation. According to 2011 Census, the people belong to schedule Caste (SC) and Schedule Tribe (ST) categories constitute 41 % and 5.43 %, respectively, of the total population. Moreover, the average literacy rate of Canning is 70.98 % in which male literacy is higher than the female literacy rate but, however, it has been increasing for the last few years.

Transportation in Canning

The region of Canning is considered as the gateway to Sunderbans, the beautiful mangrove forest. Thus, the city is well linked to the state capital, Kolkata, via roadways and railways. There are two roadways near to this place - E.M. Bypass & Baruipur Road and Basanti Road. Several state run buses and private buses are regularly operating on these roads taking commuters to their destinations. Besides that, the city has located its own Railway Station in which major trains are running through such as Sealdah - Canning Local, Canning - Barasat Local, Bangaon Junction - Canning Local and many more.

Canning Railway Station

Address: Baruipur-Canning Road, Canning - 743329, Dist-South 24 Parganas, West Bengal
Station Code: CG
Zone: Eastern Railway
Division: Sealdah

Economy of Canning

The strategic location of Canning city makes an impact on to its economic conditions. The city is an important market for the supply of fish to the state capital - Kolkata. The fishermen of this place sell are engaged in fishery business. The wholesalers come to the market and purchase these fishes from the commission agents and then transported to Kolkata for sale them to retailers who further sell it in the varied markets. Further, the city of Canning is well connected to Kolkata by both roadways and railways. Thus, several travel companies have established their business in this city and add more into the economy of Canning.

Culture of Canning

When we talk about West Bengal state of India, its rich cultural heritage always comes to our mind. The whole region of this state celebrates different kinds of local and national festivals with great enthusiasm. The city of Canning in South 24 Parganas enjoys wholeheartedly various fairs and festivals . In fact, this place is an abode of several festivals and fairs in which most of them are solemnized during the winter season. The people take participate in ‘Sunderban Mela’, which is the biggest fair of Canning organized by Bandhumahal Club between January 3rd and 12th of every year. Another big festival of this region is 'Sunderban Utsav' that is conducted by the administration of the city.

Healthcare Services in Canning

The people of Canning city in West Bengal are not deprived from proper healthcare services. It has located a hospital called Canning Sub-Divisional Hospital where the medical treatments are provided to the patients. The hospital has well experienced doctors and staff along with latest medical equipments to provide solution to every health problem. Apart from that, there are many private clinics, pathology labs, diagnostic centers and chemist shops at Canning in which one can fulfill his or her medical requirements.

Canning Sub Divisional Hospital

Address: Canning - I, South 24 Parganas - 743329
Contact Number: 03218-255242, 9732595449

Avishkar Laboratory (Path Lab)
Address: Canning Hospital Road, South 24 Parganas - 743329
Contact No.: 3218-255313, 9474093902

Sensitive Pathology Center (Path Lab)
Address: Canning Bus Stand, South 24 Parganas - 743329
Contact No.: 9732549757, 8609794149

Public Utility Services in Canning

Canning city in South 24 Parganas district is well comprised of public utility services particularly in the form of banking and postal services. There is a sub post office branch in the region which has the head office at Baruipur. It offers both local and national postal services to the city’s inhabitants. Similarly, the place of Canning boasts of various branches of important banks of the country. These bank branches provide various banking services to the people such as saving & current account, personal loans, fixed deposits and many more.

Canning Post Office
Address: Canning, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal - 743329
Contact No.: 03218 - 255220
Type: Sub Office
Division: South Presidency Division Calcutta Region West Bengal Circle
Head Office: Baruipur

Banks in Canning

Bank of India
Address: Rampur Bazar, P.O. Rampur, Canning Town, Dist North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, Pin - 743329
Contact Email Id: Rampur.Kolkata@bankofindia.co.in
IFSC Code: BKID0004376
MICR Code: 700013543
Branch Code: 004376

State Bank of India
Address: Canning Cinema Road, District - South 24 Parganas, West Bengal 743329
Contact No.: 03218 - 255216, 255218
IFSC Code: SBIN0001993
MICR Code: 700002342
Branch Code: 001993

United Bank of India
Address: Canning Town, Dist - South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, Pin - 743329
Contact No.: (03218) 255231
IFSC Code: UTBI0CAN245
MICR Code: NON-MICR
Branch Code: CAN245

Axis Bank
Address: Ground Floor, Maa Anandamoyee Bhawan, Po & Ps Canning, South 24 Parganas, Pin-743329
Contact No.: (03218) 255353/4
IFSC Code: UTIB0002183
MICR Code: 700211096
Branch Code: 002183

Bank of India
Address: Nabapally, Canning Baruipur Main Road, Post-Canning, P.S-Canning, Dist-South 24 Parganas, Pin-743329
Contact No.: 9732676909
IFSC Code: BKID0004102
MICR Code: 700013123
Branch Code: 004102

HDFC Bank
Address: Ma Anandamoyee Bhaban Dighir Par, Canning Road, Po: Canning, Dist: South 24 Parganas, Canning, West Bengal, 743329
Contact No.: 1800223344
IFSC Code: BARB0CANNIN
Branch Code: CANNIN

The historical city of Canning has good connectivity with Kolkata through road and railways along with efficient services of healthcare and public utility. The inhabitants of Canning make this place enjoyable for themselves by celebrating various kinds of festivals and by participating in various fairs.

Canning at a glance

State: West Bengal
District: South 24 Parganas
Elevation: 4 meter
Languages: Bengali & English
Pin Code: 743329
Telephone Code: 03218


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